When the Holocaust ended it was more apparent than ever that the Jewish people needed a homeland of their own. A country where they can defend their rights to exist and prosper freely. Jews were living in Palestine long after the original land of Israel was conquered and re-conquered by several different nations. However, after the Holocaust waves and waves of Jewish migrants made their way to the land that was under control by Great Britain. When Britain wanted to end their mandate in Israel the United Nations proposed a 2 state solution between the Arabs and Jews. Conflict between the two groups immediately followed leading to the first Arab-Israeli war. The Jews were able to fight back Arab forces from all around them and established the first state of Israel in almost a millennium. The first Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion declared Israel’s independence on May 14, 1948. Since then, there have been many wars and conflicts between Israelis and Arabs and the road to mutual peace is a continuing to be an uphill battle. Several westernized countries and the United Nations have all proposed peace agreements for a two-state solutions and have spent millions in military supplies and aid on both sides. Over the last decades Israeli forces continued to occupy more land and segmenting small areas for Palestinian settlements. Palestinians areas of Israel now consist of the West Bank and Gaza. This past summer 2014, there was another uptick in clashes between the Israelis and the Palestinians. As a consequence of Israel having to defend their country on a frequent basis, hundreds of thousands of innocent Palestinians are caught in the cross-hairs between terrorists and the Israeli Defense Forces. There have been several incidences in Europe of out-spoken anti-semitism and violence targeted at Jewish People. Two incidences occurred in Brussels, Belgium when in May an attacker fatally shot 4 people and several months later a fire was set to one of the floors of a synagogue. In Germany there were protest marches against Israel’s actions in Gaza. People chanted and had anti-Semitic slogans that said “Gas the Jews”. The goal is to have compromise and peace amongst Palestinians and Israelis, but it seems there’s a better chance of a snake and mouse getting along than Arabs and Jews.